In July 1971, six of the trucial states (a group of tribal confiderations in the south-eastern persian Gulf), Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman, Umm Al Quwain and Fujairah agreed on a federal constitution for achieving independence as the United Arab Emirates. The UAE became independent on December 1971, Ras Al Kaimah joined the United Arab Emirates in 1972, these 7 emirates country make up the UAE with Abu Dhabi as its capital.
Today, the country is one of the world's fastest-growing tourists destiantions with its renowned mountains, beaches and deserts. It as well provides the perfect blend of old Bedouin lifestyle and a unique cosmopolitan environment.
With the growth in tourism and the boom of the real-estate industry combined with a massive oil and gas reserves the United Arab Emirates today has emerged as the commercial center of the Middle East. The UAE's economy is the most diversified in the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwat, Qatar, Oman, Saudi Arabia and the UAE).
Abu Dhabi is the largest Emirate. It has 8.6% of the world's oils reserves. The Emirate launched diversification and economic liberalization programs in order to reduce its independence on the hydrocarbon sector. This initiative has taken on significant scale, especially in the industrial sector with the creation of a free industrial zone ICAD II. Efforts have also been made to promote tourism and the real estate sector in partnership.
The UAE occupies an area of 83,637 square kilometers along the southeastern tips of Arabian Peninsula, with Qatar lying to the west, Saudi Arabia on the Southern and Western borders, and Oman to the north and east. The population of the UAE is approximately 9.4 million which 80% of the popoulation remains being expatriates and steady at just under 20% UAE nationals known as (Emiratis).